How Long Do Brake Pads Last

Most car owners know about brake pads. These are the money-saving material that stands between your rotors and drums, keeping them from rubbing together. How long do brake pads last, and is it time for a replacement? Here’s what you need to know.

Brake Pad Durability

On average, a brake pad lasts up to 50,000 miles. Some wear out in the 30,000-mile range due to frequent hard braking, usually in urban areas or constant mountain driving. On the other hand, you might go 80,000 miles on the same brake pads if your driving habits are ideal and your daily travel is easy.

The best guide to replacement timing is your owner’s manual. Beyond that, a good mechanic can confirm whether it’s needed. There are brake-related reasons that your pads might wear out too quickly. A mechanic should look for faulty brake calipers or air in the hydraulic brake lines.

Watch for These Signs of Brake Pad Wear

Brake Lights

If your brake light comes on, you need to check on your pads and fluids. It’s probably one or the other. A few vehicles, particularly certain luxury ones, are adding a brake pad light to the dash, but most vehicles don’t have this yet.

Wear Indicator

Good brake pads have a wear indicator. This user-friendly feature causes a whining noise when its time to replace the pads. This has also been described as a squeaking, squealing or screeching noise. If you hear this often while braking during dry driving conditions, it’s time to get a brake inspection. If it’s raining, wait and see if it stops when the undercarriage is dry.

It’s important to remember that some brake pads may not have this feature. If that’s true, then the only way to know is to watch your mileage and get inspections.

Visual Inspection

If you are a do-it-yourself kind of person, you can access the pads by removing the wheels. This should allow you to see them and to take measurements. If it is ¼ of any inch, it’s still good. At ⅛ of an inch, it needs to be replaced. If you are buying used cars, this is a good reason to get an independent inspection. It’s part of what is checked when determining which vehicles can be certified preowned cars Scottsdale.

Extreme Wear

If a driver misses the signs that new brake pads are needed, the pads may wear away and allow the metal parts to rub together. This can lead to a loud grinding noise. Some mechanics describe it as a low growl. This indicates extreme wear that will only get worse. Getting pads as quickly as possible could save you from the expense of replacing the rotors and the drums or discs.

Choosing the Best Materials for Your Brake Pads

If your mechanic is suggesting that you change materials, you should consult your owner’s manual and other sources to make sure that a different material will work well in your vehicle. Your Scottsdale Lexus dealer mechanic will tell you that it is best to stick with the original equipment manufacturer when replacing brake pads on a Lexus.


These common pads are made with embedded metallic fibers to reduce brake fade. They do not wear as long as ceramic pads.


The most expensive kind, ceramic pads are also expected to last longer and offer the best performance. They reduce brake dust and wick away heat.

Non-metallic Organic

Another alternative is non-metallic organic ones. These use organic fibers to handle friction. They wear faster than standard pads, but some people prefer how they quiet the brakes when stopping.

How to Protect your Brake Pads

To make your pads last longer, you may need to break some bad habits. Drivers who slam the brakes, making hard stops a regular occurrence, need to learn to brake earlier and more slowly. It is also a bad idea to use short stabs to the brake.

Leaving your car sitting in a garage or outdoors for a year or longer may lead to brake pad problems. If you must leave it, arrange to have it driven every few weeks just to keep the brake pads in shape.

Getting the Best Possible Deal on Your Next Car Rental

A reliable rental car stands to enhance your next travel excursion in a number of ways. Most notably, having access to a vehicle will ensure that you’re able to explore your new locale at your own pace, which can be a boon to travelers who are accustomed to getting around via public transit and rideshare services. Additionally, while the desire to save money is perfectly understandable, renting a car needn’t be a prohibitively expensive undertaking. Cost-conscious travelers looking to get the best possible deal on car rentals can benefit from reading on.

Shopping Around for the Right Bargain

Anyone who thinks that renting a vehicle is too expensive has probably never comparison shopped for rental cars. As is the case with virtually every product and service under the sun, a little bit of effort on the part of consumers can unearth amazing deals on vehicle rentals. Furthermore, thanks to search engines and consumer listing sites, bargains on rental cars are easier to find than ever.

In addition to seeking out rental services with agreeable pricing, you should look for services that are renowned for their customer service. For example, the last thing you want is a rental service that will hold you responsible for damage you didn’t cause or overload you with hidden fees. You can get a solid feel for how much a rental service – or any type of business, for that matter – values its customers by perusing reviews on popular consumer feedback aids like Google My Business, the Better Business Bureau’s website and Facebook Ratings and Reviews.

Of course, the first step in all of this is firing up your favorite search engine and doing some research. For example, if you’ll soon be charting a course for Illinois and are interested in seeing Chi-Town, do a quick search for “car rental Chicago.”

Turning Down GPS

It’s easy to see why having GPS in a rental car would be an appealing prospect to many travelers. After all, if you’re driving around an unfamiliar locale, it stands to reason that you’d want to know where you’re going. However, since springing for GPS stands to add a fair amount to your bill, it may be in your best interest to explore other options.

For instance, if you already own a detachable GPS unit for vehicles, simply bring it on your trip with you. Conversely, if you own a smartphone, you can just rely on your favorite GSP app.

Not Buying Fuel Service Plans

Depending on how much driving you intend to do, a fuel service plan may not be wisest investment. The exact details vary from place to place, but many fuel service plans entail renters paying the cost of a full tank of gas at the outset in exchange for not having to return the vehicle with a full tank. While this may initially strike you as a solid deal, it ultimately stands to cost you more than it stands to save you.

The aforementioned plans ensure that you’ll be charged for a full tank of gas, regardless of whether or not you actually use a full tank. As such, if you wind up returning the car with a tank that’s only partially empty, you’re essentially losing money. While filling up the tank before returning a rental vehicle may be a bit cumbersome, it’s often cheaper than paying for a full tank right off the bat.

Thoroughly Inspecting the Vehicle

Make a point of thoroughly inspecting your next rental vehicle before driving it off the lot. If you stumble upon any dings, dents, scratches or other signs of damage, bring this to the attention of the relevant parties and make sure they document it before you proceed to head out.

Having access to a rental car can make navigating a brand-new locale considerably easier. However, an understandable reluctance to spend money regularly prevents many travelers from renting vehicles. Given how expensive vacations and other large-scale travel excursions can be, there’s little wonder as to why people shy away from things that stand to compound travel costs. Fortunately, as long as you’re armed with the right tips, getting a great deal on a rental car should prove neither difficult nor time-consuming.


If you are moving across the country or the continent, you may be wondering whether you should sell your old car or drive it to your new home. There are ten main considerations that can make or break your decision. Here’s what you should know.

  1. Negative Equity

Are you making car payments? You definitely need to know how to sell a car with a loan. You don’t want to sell your old car if it has negative equity. That’s when the selling price is less than the loan amount. You should only consider selling the car if you have positive equity.

  1. Dangerous Condition

Let’s say that you own the car outright. Unfortunately, you have been pouring money into this car to keep it running or you foresee some major expenses just around the corner. The most economical thing to do is to sell it. You don’t want a busted engine gasket to ruin your move. Trading in your car to a dealer may be a smart idea. The cash can help you pay for a new one when you get to your destination.

  1. Benefits of Driving vs Flying

The benefits of driving are the freedom to pack everything you need. It is likely to take about the same time as the moving van. You can see the sights on the way and arrive in time to move in.

If you fly, can you get close to your new home without extra expenses? If so, can you get an inexpensive ticket that still allows you to carry one or two suitcases? You want to bring essentials with you and avoid unnecessary costs.

  1. Pet Travel

If you drive, you can take your pets with you. There will be some hurdles with finding the right hotels, however. On the other hand, if pets travel by plane, you may pay extra for vet visits and shots as well as the travel fee.

  1. Insurance Costs

How will your insurance change when you move? A new state may mean a much higher premium. You may want to sell your car and start all over with one that will have better insurance rates.

If you can go without a car for a month or more, you will save money on insurance payments that can be used toward buying your new wheels.

  1. Towing the Car

Perhaps you plan to tow your car. However, most vehicles will not tow flat. Generally manuals will tow flat, and the majority of automatics won’t. You should do some research to see if your automatic car or SUV can tow flat. If it can’t, it would be severely damaged to tow it this way.

Furthermore, how will you tow it? It can be hard enough to drive a small moving truck across the country. Do you want the hassle of towing a car behind it? On the other hand, perhaps you have a large Ford F150 pickup that can do the job. If you are experienced at trailering, then flat-towing a car will be quite easy for you.

How will towing affect your insurance? If something happens to the car during the tow, will your regular insurance cover it or do you need to pay for gap insurance?

  1. Sending Your Car by Train

If you have the option of sending your car by train, should you do it? Well, it protects the car, but why pay to move it if you just plan to sell it on the other end?

  1. Car Registration Fees

Will there be any problem with registering your car? There may be environmental standards that your old car can’t meet. The new state’s Division of Motor Vehicles should have the answer. If your car won’t meet the standards easily, you probably need to sell it.

When you get your old car to your destination, you may have only 60 or 90 days to switch over your license plates. If you still want to sell it, do it fast. That will save you money on registration fees.

  1. One-Way Car Rental

The alternative to driving your own car or flying is to secure a one-way car rental. In addition to the expense of this rental, you will have the expense of hotels, meals, and fuel along the way. However, you won’t put miles on a car you just bought nor will you be worrying about your old car breaking down.

  1. A New Car

One final idea is to purchase a new car first. It may be easier to get a loan before you move than when you are establishing residency elsewhere. Perhaps it will save you money over purchasing one at your destination. You can use the internet to compare prices and to get information about taxes.

However, it will need to be a car with a warranty. Preferably you can afford a new car or low-mileage used car. You don’t want to get rid of one old car and end up with the same problems in the used car you just bought.

With all these ideas to consider, hopefully you can make the best decision about whether to drive your old car across the country. Best of luck on your big move!

When people think about sports cars, the Camaro comes to mind. Even though the Camaro has undergone significant changes during the past few decades, the F-Body Camaro Z28 SS remains one of the most popular vehicles ever to be made by this automobile manufacturer. Overall, the platform of the F-Body Camaro Z28 SS is fantastic and continues to serve as a model upon which automobiles are built even to this day. Between the years 1998 and 2002, Chevrolet made changes to the Camaro that can still be seen in more recent models that are still on the road today.

The Camaro Gets a Facelift in 1998

In 1998, the F-Body Camaro Z28 SS underwent significant changes. In particular, it received a new front clip. As a result, the quartet where inset headlights were replaced as well. The biggest change to take place in the Camaro this year was the replacement of the older LT1 engine, which was stopped. For the 5.7 L LS1 V8 engine, which was rated at 305 horsepower. This engine had been introduced during the prior year in the Corvette C5 with great success.

Overall, the new engine featured an aluminum cylinder block containing iron sleeves. In addition, this also reduced the overall weight of the engine by close to 100 pounds, improving the performance of the vehicle. This specific engine would undergo multiple improvements during the next few years, increasing its horsepower to 350. This engine would remain in the F-Body Camaro Z28 SS from 1998 to 2002.

Minor Changes Take Place in 1999

In 1999, F-Body Camaro Z28 SS underwent a few minor changes. For example, new colors were introduced for the Camaro this year, such a “Hugger Orange.” The fuel tanks were stopped out for a plastic variety, increasing the capacity to 16.8 gallons from the 15.5 gallon capacity of the metal units.

In addition, the valve covers on the Ls1 were switched, featuring a new center bolt. Traction control was also installed on the Camaro V6 models. General Motors also introduced a new oil monitoring system and an oil change light was added to the dashboard.

The 1999 F-Body Camaro Z28 SS stuck with the 4L60-E transmission that had been installed in the Camaro back in 1994. The 4L60-E transmission is long known to be a derivative or “child” of the original Turbo-Hydramatic 700R4 transmission which was first produced in 1982. Later on the 700R4 transmission was renamed the 4L60-E as we know it today in 1994. There is a lot more information on the 700R4 transmission and even more rebuilt 700R4 transmissions for sale in the aftermarket. This specific transmission had two separate shift solenoids, which were called Shift Solenoid A and B (they would later change names). The solenoids can be activated and deactivated in a specific pattern, leading to four distinct gear ratios. This specific transmission would be used in the F-Body Camaro Z28 SS until 2001.

Cosmetic Changes Take Place in the F-Body Camaro Z28 SS in 2000

In 2000, most of the changes that were made to the F-Body Camaro Z28 SS were largely cosmetic. For example, another optional color, Monterey maroon metallic, was added. This color is similar to Medium Patriot Red. A new steering wheel was introduced containing Stokes, which was common in numerous other GM models at the time. This steering wheel was a replacement for the older two-spoke steering wheel that has been used in the F-Body Camaro Z28 SS since 1993.

In addition, new 16-inch wheels with 10 spokes are made available. 5 spoke wheels were still available. The 5.7 L LS1 V8 engine continued in the F-Body Camaro Z28 SS without any changes being made to it.

The 2001 F-Body Camaro Z28 SS

In 2001, fewer Camaro units were produced than usual because work was begun on the 35th-anniversary models. The SS and Z28 models adopted the intake manifold in use by the LS6 engine, which was used in the Z06 and Cadillac CTS-V. In addition, the camshaft profile was revived. The EGR system was removed.

A new slave cylinder was introduced for the assembly of the clutch. Overall, the 2001 F-Body Camaro Z28 SS still used the Borg-Warner T-56 manual transmission, which was employed in the F-Body Camaro Z28 SS from 1993 to 2002. This six-speed transmission was also used in numerous Dodge and Ford vehicles. The T-56 has been one of the most reliable transmissions used in motor vehicles and provided significant shifting strength for the F-Body Camaro Z28 SS.

2002 Is the Final Fourth Generation F-Body Camaro Z28 SS

2002 marked the final year of the fourth-generation F-Body Camaro Z28 SS. The vehicle was designed to mark the 35th anniversary of the Camaro and represented the best the fourth-generation Camaro had to offer. This vehicle featured the top upgrades from the prior years including an outstanding transmission, a strong engine, and exceptional durability. It made strong use of the LS1 and the 4L60-E. There was a unique package made available for the specific 35th-anniversary vehicle.

Overall, the 2002 F-Body Camaro Z28 SS was designed to emulate the Penske-Sunoco stock TransAm race team vehicles from the 1960s and 1970s. With more than 42,000 units of the 2002 F-Body Camaro Z28 SS sold, it represents one of the top accomplishments in automobile manufacturing.

Examining the Impact of the F-Body Camaro Z28 SS

Between the years 1998 and 2002, the F-Body Camaro Z28 SS underwent numerous changes and upgrades. One of the biggest changes was the adoption of the LS1 engine, which provided a significant power upgrade and performance boost for the vehicle as a whole. Numerous new engines, such as the LS6, are built from the platform of the LS1.

In addition, the transmission of the F-Body Camaro Z28 SS was also exceptional. Using an automatic 4L60-E transmission, the Camaro developed a strong reputation for reliability. Many of the mechanisms of this automatic transmission can still be seen in newer models to this day.

In the end, the F-Body Camaro Z28 SS remains a shining pinnacle of achievement in the automotive world. Even though the last fourth-generation Camaro was built in 2002, its legacy can still be seen in newer vehicles that remain on the road today. It will be interesting to see what type of impact the F-Body Camaro Z28 SS has in the future.

When you are driving a car, it is necessary to keep it well maintained. However, the maintenance of cars is a costly affair. The cost of car repair or maintenance entirely depends upon several factors such as the model of a car, year of manufacturing, the actual condition of the car, total number of Kilometers covered, and many more. Not all people prefer giving their cars for repair in the car service stations because of high maintenance charges.

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Here are some DIY car repair tips to save money that can satisfy you too. It is always better to save money if you can repair the car yourself instead of taking the automotive mechanics’ assistance. You require some essential tools for solving basic troubleshooting and repairs for fixing your car issues. It will undoubtedly help you to save some money instead of paying your car maintenance charges. Let’s understand in detail.

  1. Engine Oil: Engine oil is an essential lubricant that keeps your car engine and other parts properly functioning. In one month or two months, you can open your car’s bonnet and check the car’s oil level with the dipstick. It top-up is required, you can buy engine oil from the market and use it in your car. You can check the website for reading car manuals thoroughly. You can understand the essential parts of the car and how to keep them in good conditions.
  2. Headlight Bulbs: Headlight bulbs sometimes become out of order, and they create more problems for you because you may find difficulty in looking in front of your car due to not having proper lighting especially at the nights. You can change headlight bulbs through DIY without many efforts. You can save money by doing yourself.
  3. Air Filters: Air filters play a vital role in checking your car pollutions. They get clogged over some time and affect your car performance. You can easily replace old or worn out air filters yourself and can enhance your car’s power and its mileage.
  4. Car Battery: If the car battery is running out, you will face challenges in making car ignition. You would have come across the same problem in your life. So, the power of the car will depend upon the quality of the car battery. You can change your car’s old battery with the new one yourself through DIY.
  5. Engine Coolant: Engine coolant is also known as antifreeze. It is usually mixed with water for keeping your radiator from deep freezing under the extreme cold conditions and overheating at the time of extreme heat. You can do this all, and you can save money also.
  6. Spark Plugs: The excellent quality spark plugs provide better fuel consumption, and you can change your old spark plugs though DIY option. These spark plugs are very economical too. Then, you can drive your car smoothly.

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  7. Tyres: Types must be in good condition. If you have more running daily by car, the car’s tyres are most likely to be in lousy condition soon. You can keep the correct air pressure in the tyres. The damaged tyre might burst at any point in time while driving the car. But, you can also change the tyres of the car through DIY as per the situation demands.
  8. Brake Pads: Brake pads are required to be in good condition for avoiding any accident or injury while driving your car. When you apply the car’s brakes, the brake pads are the main components that work efficiently. Change brake pads immediately when you face any problem in using brakes to the car. Otherwise, it may endanger the life of all the car’s passengers.
  9. Windshield Wipers: Windshield wipers play a vital role during the raining season. If their rubber is torn, their blades can give scratches on the windshield. You can replace them with the new ones by yourself through DIY.


As discussed above, there are many hacks for your car repair that you can do yourself without much effort. It will also reduce your dependency on the car mechanics for repairing your car. When you know the art of repairing your car, you can save a good amount of money. As you know, you have to pay a hefty amount in the form of car service charge to the mechanics or the car service stations that may dent your pocket.

It is always better to save money when you know some DIY car repair hacks that make you independent in any sudden arising problem in your car. So, don’t hesitate to learn some DIY hacks for your car repair that will benefit you in the long run. It would help if you took the assistance of car mechanics when you are unsure about yourself or a major fault in your car.

Solo motorcycle touring takes a whole different degree of self-reliance, awareness and planning. For better or for worse, you have to deal with any situation that comes up, so it pays to be as safe as possible while taking the calculated risks that make motorcycle touring fun.

When you’re rolling solo, keep these nine essential safety tips in mind. They’ll help you prepare for the unexpected, make smart choices while on the road and get home in one piece.

  1. Share your basic trip plan with someone you trust and check in with them periodically.

At least one trusted person should know where you’re headed on your trip. While you may not have an hour-by-hour itinerary, try to develop some check-in points at which you’ll call to let somebody know you’ve arrived safely.

If you’re doing backcountry touring, especially camping, it’s smart to provide more detailed information on your chosen stops, since it will help authorities to locate you more quickly in the event of an emergency.

  1. Keep your travel plans private from strangers on the road (and on the Internet).

The flipside of the previous tip is that you also shouldn’t be too eager to share your travel plans with folks you don’t know. It can be tons of fun meeting new friends on the road, but it’s also potentially dangerous to let a stranger know too much. Keep descriptions of your route relatively vague when making small talk with others on the road.

This tip is also true for social media, where many people aren’t aware of the risks they take by sharing their locations on apps like Instagram. Rather than telling strangers your immediate whereabouts, post pictures with location tags a day or two after you leave the area.

  1. Ride during the daytime whenever possible.

Between decreased visibility, intoxicated drivers and rider fatigue, riding a motorcycle at night can present some significant hazards. Thus, it’s advisable to stick to daytime riding whenever you can.

If you care about making good time, your best bet is to start fairly early in the morning and get off the road by dusk. That requires some advance planning and a basic working knowledge of the roads and cities along your route, so familiarize yourself with travel distance between major stops and start each day by setting a loose destination goal.

  1. Never ride after you’ve been drinking.

This one should go without saying. Even a small amount of alcohol impairs your ability to operate your bike effectively—and motorcycles, as we all know, have a much smaller margin for error than most other types of vehicles. You’re putting everyone’s safety at risk when you ride after drinking, and that doesn’t even take into account the possibility of spending thousands of dollars in DUI court costs.

That doesn’t mean you can’t hit a few bars along your trip, and the many iconic biker joints along America’s great highways shouldn’t be missed (if that’s your scene). It just means that you need to think about how you’re getting back to your lodging before you have your first drink.

Source: Sergey Nemirovskiy/

  1. Carry some tools for personal protection.

While we don’t advise riding around with a personal arsenal on you, it’s good to carry something to protect yourself if worst comes to worst.

Some riders who are proficient with firearms choose to carry a compact handgun. However, unless you’re an experienced shooter and gun owner with a CCP, it’s often better to choose a lower-maintenance personal protection solution. If you do travel with a firearm, make sure that you know its safety features inside and out.

Pepper spray is a popular option for solo tourers, as are compact self-defense knives. No matter what you choose, make sure to know the laws of any state you may be in, as self-defense devices allowed in one state may not be legal in another.

  1. Have backups for your most important gear.

You should have a plan for when your most important gear fails you. This can include:

  • Backup photocopies of key documents such as your driver’s license and passport
  • A portable charger for your cell phone and other electronics
  • An extra ignition key for your bike
  • An extra set of clean clothes in a separate dry bag

When deciding which extra items you need, think about where you’re going. If you’re sticking to major cities, the basic backups above will probably be enough, but those headed into the backcountry may need to bring extras such as a spare fuel tank.

  1. Get a check-up for your bike before heading off.

You want your motorcycle to be in tip-top mechanical shape before heading out on the road. A good pre-trip inspection should include, at minimum:

  • Oil, coolant and brake fluid levels
  • Fuel lines
  • Chain and belt
  • Battery
  • Suspension
  • Brakes
  • Tires

Take your bike to a trusted mechanic, or conduct your check-up in the garage if you’re a competent mechanic yourself.

  1. Use hands-free devices to stay in touch and manage media.

It should go without saying, but when you’re on the road, your entire attention should be focused on riding. A hands-free Bluetooth motorcycle helmet communicator is a solution that many riders use, as these devices can now accomplish everything from phone calls to controlling streaming music. Really, there was never a good reason to be fiddling with your phone while riding, but now that riders can accomplish most of the same tasks with voice commands, hands-free is a no-brainer.

  1. Go with your gut.

The senses that tell you when something’s wrong—even if you can’t quite put your finger on what—are the result of millions of years of evolution, and you should trust them more often than not. If your intuition is telling you that you’re in an unsafe situation, there’s probably a reason, even if it’s not immediately apparent to your conscious senses.

Source: Nejron Photo/

A solo motorcycle tour is a big challenge, but it’s also an unforgettable experience that can shape your life in all kinds of positive ways. And the better-prepared any rider is at the start of their journey, the greater the chances are that they’ll end their tour on a positive and satisfying note.