Car Insurance Wants To Settle Without Me Present: What To Do

Your insurance company does not have the right to settle a claim without you present if you are the person who has monetary responsibility for that claim. Suppose you get into a car accident that was your fault, but you have to pay for some of the damages that your insurance does not cover due to your not having certain types of coverage on your policy (like underinsured coverage). In that case, your insurance company needs to ensure that you are present and willing to settle the claim against you.

If your insurance company wants to settle without you present, there are a few things you can do to defend yourself.

Talk to Your Insurance Company

Your first line of defense will be to work with your insurance company and let them know that you are unhappy with how the claim is being handled. You should be able to talk to an agent handling your claim, but if the agent is not helpful, they might have a complaint department you can discuss the matter with to get a solution.

Send the Proper Documents

You want to be prepared with as much documentation as you can gather to support your reasoning on why you disagree with this decision. When you talk to your insurance company, be sure to provide them with any documentation about the accident. You should also provide an official complaint letter with your claim number, signature, and contact information.

Review Your Auto Policy

You’ll want to check for any statement or clause in your car insurance policy that may have reasons for settling a claim without your presence. If there are not any clauses or statements saying that they can do this under your auto policy, this is something you should state in your letter to them and make the insurance agent or complaints department aware of in your case.

Talk to Your State Insurance Department

If your insurance company is not being cooperative in any way, then you might want to consider talking to your state insurance department to see if they can help you in the matter. Although they may not be able to look at your case, they will notify you and may help resolve your issue if your case is chosen.

Talk to an Attorney

Because some of these steps are not a solid solution and may take weeks, 1-800-injured suggests hiring an attorney. Hiring an attorney to represent you will let the insurance company know that you are serious about your claim and do not want it settled without your presence. An attorney can also help you gather the proper documentation and evidence for your case to have power and merit.

If the evidence they help you collect is strong enough, you may not have to file a lawsuit with your insurance company, which can be time-consuming and costly. But, if you need to file a lawsuit against your insurance company, a highly skilled lawyer will represent you so that your insurance company provides a fair settlement.

Dealing with your insurance company when they are not being fair about your settlement can be frustrating. But, you should know that you do not have to go through it alone, and there are lawyers who have the education and skills to help you through the process of getting a fair settlement.

Be prepared to go through a thorough process when talking to your insurance company. The insurance company will always try to pay the least amount that they can, so you might have to go through a long, drawn-out process before reaching a settlement that you and your insurance company can agree on.

Your insurance company is supposed to be there to protect you, so it can be jarring when they are uncooperative or do something you disagree with. Remember to be patient, do not give up, and contact a lawyer for help if necessary.

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Steps to Take After a Car Accident

After you’ve been involved in an accident, it may be unclear what you need to do next. Accidents affect your ability to think clearly, and it’s all too common for accident victims to be shaken up at the scene. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration reports that more than 6 million car accidents happen in the United States each year.

It’s important to seek medical assistance immediately after an accident to protect your health. Personal injury law professionals also feel it’s important to contact a Tallahassee car accident attorney to protect yourself after you’re involved in an accident.

If you get into a car accident, there are steps that you can take to help everyone practice safety, follow the law, and work towards favorable outcomes in your insurance claim process.

Check for Injuries

If you’re experiencing any pain or discomfort or feel that you’ve been injured, call 911 or ask someone else to help you do so. If you’re seriously injured, stay still, and wait for emergency personnel.

If your injuries don’t prevent you from moving, check on the well-being of the other passengers in your car. If anyone’s experiencing pain or is injured, speak with emergency services or pinpoint someone standing by to call for help.

Find A Safe Location

If your injuries allow you to move, move to the shoulder of the road or a sidewalk. If your car is safe to drive and is creating a traffic hazard where it is, pull it to the side of the road. If time allows, snap a few pictures or videos of the accident scene. If your car is not causing a hazard in traffic, leave it where it is and continue in a safe location.

Report the Accident to Law Enforcement

Certain states, like Florida, for example, require you to call the police after an accident resulting in an injury. Not doing so could lead to criminal charges and fines. When you contact law enforcement, the responding officers can make an accident report and document the scene.

If the police are unavailable, you can go to the nearest police station and complete a report yourself. Insurance companies will ask for a copy of the police report to help with the claims process. Your car accident attorney can also use this accident report to defend your claim.

Exchange Pertinent Information

Each state requires certain information to be exchanged. In Florida, those involved in an accident are asked to fill out an exchange of information form when the police arrive at the accident scene with another driver after an accident. Generally, you need to exchange names and insurance information.

The other driver’s phone number, make, and model of the vehicles involved, contact information for any witnesses, and the name, badge number, and phone number of any law enforcement officers who respond to the accident scene will prove useful.

File an Insurance Claim

Many states require bodily injury and property damage liability insurance coverage. Liability coverages reimburse other drivers or passengers when you are at fault in an accident.

Your collision coverage can cover damage to your car. Personal injury protection coverage could help cover the cost of any injuries that you sustain.

Consider the following before deciding on whether or not to file an insurance claim:

  • Who was at fault
  • The extent of the damages to each driver’s vehicle
  • Whether any injuries, minor or serious, occurred
  • What type of insurance coverage do you have
  • What type of insurance coverage does the other driver have
  • The amounts allowed under your coverage and the other driver’s coverage

Speak With A Car Accident Attorney

An experienced attorney will help you understand what you should say, what you shouldn’t, how to negotiate with your insurance company, offer information on how to handle your doctors’ bills, and more. After an accident, an experienced car accident attorney can handle all of the details of your case so you can focus on healing.

Steps To Avoid After A Car Accident

It’s equally important to know what you shouldn’t do after a car accident. When you’re involved in an accident, avoid these common pitfalls:

  • Don’t flee. Leaving the scene of an accident could result in a hit-and-run criminal charge.
  • Don’t incriminate yourself. When exchanging information with the other driver, avoid making statements that could be construed as an admission of guilt or fault in the accident.
  • Don’t speak with an adjuster until you’re prepared. An insurance adjuster may reach out to you for a statement right after the accident. Don’t talk to the adjuster without first speaking with your attorney. At least consider how what you say could affect future personal injury claims resulting from the accident.
  • Don’t sign anything without your lawyer present. Claims adjusters often make a quick and lowball offer. Accident law professionals feel you should never sign any release with the insurance company before speaking to an attorney. If you sign, you may be giving up your right to additional compensation


If you drive a Jeep Wrangler or a Dodge pickup and the transmission has been giving you trouble lately, you may have been told that you need to either replace it or have it rebuilt. Many Jeep and Dodge owners have been satisfied with their decision to have their transmissions rebuilt because they’ve had good experiences as opposed to replacing their AX5s.

Replacing an AX5 transmission instead of rebuilding it is not always a good choice. When you rebuild a transmission, you’re renewing all the essential components, so you know the transmission is in optimal working order. However, when you opt to replace your transmission instead, it isn’t always possible to determine if there are parts of the transmission that are getting ready to fail until it has already been installed in the vehicle. Certain parts could have little life left, but you won’t know until the transmission fails.

Rebuilding your AX5 transmission

Whether you’re going to rebuild your transmission or have a professional do it, you should be aware of what to expect before the work begins. Your AX5 will likely be rebuilt using a rebuild kit, which includes all the essential parts necessary to make your AX5 like new again. However, some people opt to just buy an already professionally rebuilt AX5 transmission, Regardless, however, your rebuild kit should include:

  • Bearings
  • Gaskets
  • Seals
  • Input shafts
  • Counter shafts
  • Synchro rings
  • Synchro hubs
  • Needle bearings

If necessary, your kit can also include individual gear and shift forks.

AX5 Specs

Before the rebuild of your AX5, you must know the specifications which can familiarize you with the specific component of the transmission. Here are the specs of the AX5:

Case: Cast aluminum with cast iron mid-plate

Input shaft: 14 spline | extends 7 1/2”

Output shaft: 21 spline

Length: 15 5/8” | 22 1/2” w/ bellhousing

Some common reasons for AX5 transmission failures

There could be a number of reasons why your AX5 has failed, but the most common reasons are loss of the fifth gear, which is the overdrive gear, leaking due to a faulty hydraulic throwback bearing, and synchronizer problems. Due to the frequency in which these AX5 problems occur, it’s very likely that one of these issues was the cause of your transmission’s failure.

Required tools to rebuild your AX5 transmission

You will need several specific tools when rebuilding your transmission, in order to dissemble your transmission, remove parts, and reassemble it once everything has been replaced. Two especially essential tools are a high-quality gear puller and a hydraulic press. Without a hydraulic press or gear puller, it would be nearly impossible to rebuild your transmission.

If you purchased your rebuild kit from the dealership, you should ensure that you have a warranty in case something needs replacing or otherwise goes wrong. You might also want to inquire about any additional tools that you might need to complete the rebuild, as well.

What does rebuilding your AX5 transmission entail?

Rebuilding your AX5 transmission will require a great deal of patience and technical knowledge, as it certainly isn’t a job for an amateur who has never even seen transmission components before. In order to rebuild your AX5, you will first need to remove the transmission from the vehicle and disassemble it.

Once your transmission is disassembled, you will then carefully inspect each part to determine which parts are faulty. In order to do this, it is necessary to clean each part with a special solution. Once you’ve identified the faulty parts and replaced them, it is time to reassemble your transmission and place it back inside the vehicle.

Your transmission system consists of transmission fluid, which provides lubrication for proper functioning, and the planetary gear set, which is the heart of the transmission and is necessary for your transmission to function. There is also the torque converter, which assists the vehicle with stopping without causing the engine to stop, and it provides your vehicle with the extra force needed to start and accelerate smoothly.

What about upgrading to the AX15?

The AX15 is a new and improved, upgraded version of the AX5 transmission that was built to perform optimally, and without all the problems that the AX5 had. Although looking at these two transmissions side-by-side, most people are unable to distinguish many differences, if any, but the AX15 has larger gears, larger bearings, and other improved components that can only be seen if the transmission is disassembled.

The AX15 boasts a brand new straight shifter that is ready to conform to the driver’s own personal shifting preference. This new and improved transmission also features a cast-iron front bearing retainer, which dramatically increases resistance to leaks. Many Jeep or Dodge pickup truck owners opt to upgrade their AX5 transmission to the mighty AX15 instead of rebuilding the AX5, but it’s a matter of personal preference. It also depends on a person’s budget, because rebuilding the AX5 is a lot more cost-effective than totally replacing it with the AX15.

The AX5 transmission was first introduced in 1987 when it was first used in Jeep Wranglers as well as Jeep Cherokees. This transmission is a manual, 5-speed that features a split case. If you are going to be rebuilding your transmission due to failure, then hopefully this guide will help you to understand what rebuilding it entails, what specific parts and tools you’ll need, and more, so you can soon enjoy driving your vehicle again.


9 Tips to Help You Choose the Right Vehicle Wrap Design

Advertising can be an expensive endeavor for any business, especially smaller start-ups that are just trying to get their name and their brand out into the market. You will find that one of the most common and effective ways to get your business name in front of your potential customer base is to use a vehicle wrap.

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Here are nine tips to help you choose the right vehicle wrap design:

  1. Measurements: The first thing that you will want to do is take measurements of the vehicle that you plan to wrap. If you are ordering through an online retailer, such as Wrapmate, you will want to measure every side of the vehicle, and then take detailed pictures. Pictures that are clear and straight on (no angle shots) to ensure that anybody contours are accounted for.
  2. Brand and Market: When you work on the design of the vehicle wrap you will want to make sure that it represents your brand, and it must be clear regarding what the market is. A name without any indication of what your business does will result in failure for your campaign.
  3. Competitors: You will want to check out what the competition has done with their designs. You are not checking out the others to copy their designs, but rather to understand what they have done so you can have a unique business vehicle wrap designed and installed.
  4. Flashy Colors: When you are designing your wrap, you will want to make sure that it has bright colors that will catch the attention of people passing by. It should be a combination of colors that stand out, not just one straight color.
  5. Bold Letters: Any wording that you have included into the design of the vehicle wrap will need to be in bold. For the best visibility it will need to be all bold with an easily readable font.
  6. Full Size Design: The bigger your vehicle is, the bigger the wrap needs to be. Your vehicle wrap should cover the entire vehicle, not just a small section of it, like the upper corner of the outside of a trailer wall.
  7. Amaze and Inspire: The design of your wrap needs to be high quality, and should also inspire them to take action, such as calling you for your services.
  8. Not Too Crowded: You will not want to crowd the design on your vehicle, as it will make it difficult for people to understand what is trying to be advertised.
  9. Think Ahead: When the vehicle wrap is put on, you will want to visualize how it will look from every angle, and how it looks when a door is open, or when the food truck is ready for business.

These are the top nine things to look for when designing the perfect vehicle wrap. It needs to represent your brand with an eye-catching appeal while representing what your company stands for. It should also be high quality to represent the elevated level of your service or products.


Getting injured on the job is no small obstacle. You need to make sure you are properly protected and not suffering without help and/or support. Many people associate an injury to a one-time occurrence such as a broken bone or torn ligament, but an injury can occur over time, such as carpal tunnel syndrome. It is important as an employee of a company to you know you are entitled to workers’ compensation benefits if you are injured on the job. Each state has its own guidelines, but all cover medical treatment and loss wages in some capacity. Medical treatment can cover doctors’ visits, physical therapy, injections, and much more. Loss wages come into play when you are out of work due to your injury. Depending on which jurisdiction your claim is in, you are entitled to a certain percentage of your salary while out of work due to your injuries.

If injured on the job you should always give notice to your employer. This way your employer can have necessary documents filled out and sent to the insurance carrier. After this is completed depending on which state you file your claim in, you may need to file additional documents. Where, in what state, should you file your claim depends. You can file your claim in the state where the injury occurred or the state where your company is incorporated. Some companies have this outlined for you in your employment handbook. However, it is important to know that some states will not allow for any waiver of workers’ compensation rights within its jurisdiction.

Truck drivers face the possibility of having an instant/contemporaneous injury or can develop an occupational disease. For instance, a truck driver can get injured in a car accident and sustain whiplash, broken bones, or head injury. It is also possible that a truck driver can sustain injuries such as carpal tunnel syndrome from continuous driving. Either way you should never be deterred form filing a workers’ compensation claim. Employers’ must have workers’ compensation coverage for these exact incidents and the policy behind it is for the protection of workers. You should never let your supervisor try to persuade you or intimidate you not to file a claim if you need any type of medical assistance or will need to miss work due to the injury. It is also important to know that filing a workers’ compensation claim is not the same as filing a law suit against your employer.

As a truck driver you should know that if you are injured in a car accident you may also be able to file a law suit against the driver/owner the other vehicle in the accident. Or if there is a large pot hole or the road is not being properly maintained by a local municipality or state you may be able to file a suit in that circumstance as well. Both of these suits will be in addition and run concurrently with your workers’ compensation claim.

Do not forget that if injured on the job you will be covered under the protection of workers’ compensation law.


Accidents sometimes happen despite companies’ and drivers’ preparation and adherence to safety practices. Some risks and challenges come with driving a massive vehicle that weighs tens of thousands of tons.

Unfortunately, it is essential to know who’s at fault if an accident happens. This defines where the liability of each party starts and ends. If you’re the truck driver, you might have to defend yourself while facing mounting costs in damages. Furthermore, specific rules vary per state. If you’re wondering why do you need a Phoenix truck accident lawyer, the answer is to have someone to bail you out.

To help get you started, here are a few considerations in determining who’s at fault after a trucking accident:

Common causes of truck accidents

Trucking Statistics in Colorado reveal that apart from driving under the influence and overspeeding, the other causes of truck accidents are:

  • Lack of proper vehicle maintenance. Maintenance is essential in working with any machine to ensure that they are working correctly. You’ve probably heard stories of drivers losing their brakes or accelerating uncontrollably, later found to be caused by faulty parts.
  • Distracted driving. Driving requires total focus and attention. Even if you’re not driving a truck, texting, or doing anything else that would keep your eyes off the road is strictly discouraged. When proven, this could be considered as grounds for negligence.
  • Fatigue. While it may not look like it, driving is a physically demanding activity, even more, if you’re handling a heavy vehicle. Truck companies now set schedules and driving hour limits per week for their drivers.
  • Inexperience. Hiring a truck driver is a meticulous process, often requiring several qualifications. Skipping the necessary procedures in hiring one might result in dangerous consequences, and the company might be at fault.
  • Oversized loads. There are different regulations set to prevent overloading, yet there are still larger loads than usual. Take note that these loads, such as vehicles and equipment, require additional care and skill in transporting.
  • Hazardous weather conditions. Experienced truck drivers can navigate rain or snow. However, they should also exercise prudence in assessing when to wait out. Driving a heavy vehicle under slippery roads could cause them to slip, slide, and skid off the road.

Understanding the legal principle of negligence

One critical aspect in determining fault in these incidents is the legal principle of negligence. Negligence translates to the failure to exercise or lack of fulfilling their ‘duty of care’ or simply being careless. In an accident, the more negligent party will be determined to be the one at fault. Both insurance companies and courts use this in settling related disputes.

This also explains why responding law enforcement agencies investigate for clues that can help determine negligence. Policemen interrogate the people involved in the accident, both drivers and passengers, and eyewitness testimonies from people who saw the accident, if any. In filing their report, the police usually provide a professional opinion that includes additional information such as traffic and environmental conditions to see if these factors played a part.

Who might be liable in the event of an accident

Truck accidents are a few stages different from the usual incident involving two motorists. It requires thorough investigations that might find fault in one of the following parties. When negligence is found on their part, then they must answer for causing the accident.

The truck driver

Human error in these scenarios most commonly falls to the driver. There are a lot of factors that can point to driver error, such as being tired, distracted, under the influence of alcohol and drugs, and more. They can even be liable if they’re found to have forged their qualifications.

Truck manufacturers

Faulty or defective parts sold to the company or provided to the driver are the manufacturer’s liability. They have a legal responsibility to ensure the quality of the products and services they provide. Their responsibilities extend from the vehicle design to manufacturing parts to properly informing clients through marketing efforts.

Trucking company

Companies are also responsible for their drivers. They must set aside a budget for regular maintenance and ensure that drivers don’t work more hours than they physically can.

Maintenance providers

If vehicle maintenance is outsourced, then it’s the service provider’s responsibility to ensure that the truck runs as it should. Depending on the investigation results, third-party maintenance companies usually share the liability with the company.

Cargo companies/loaders

Cargo or loading companies are in charge of loading their products onto the trucks. There are specific weight and balance considerations, and failure to exercise diligence in this process can contribute to an accident.

Liability doesn’t necessarily fall into the hands of a single party, as multiple factors might have contributed to the truck accident happening. However, negligence must be established to prove who’s at fault, whether accidentally or intentionally.


Trucking accidents are hazardous and life-changing events that everyone tries to avoid at all costs. However, should the unthinkable happen, it is essential to thoroughly examine available information and accurately identify who’s at fault. This is a highly technical matter; make sure you have the professional help you need. If you ever wind up in one, contact a lawyer immediately to ensure you don’t face this harrowing experience unarmed.

How Long Do Brake Pads Last

Most car owners know about brake pads. These are the money-saving material that stands between your rotors and drums, keeping them from rubbing together. How long do brake pads last, and is it time for a replacement? Here’s what you need to know.

Brake Pad Durability

On average, a brake pad lasts up to 50,000 miles. Some wear out in the 30,000-mile range due to frequent hard braking, usually in urban areas or constant mountain driving. On the other hand, you might go 80,000 miles on the same brake pads if your driving habits are ideal and your daily travel is easy.

The best guide to replacement timing is your owner’s manual. Beyond that, a good mechanic can confirm whether it’s needed. There are brake-related reasons that your pads might wear out too quickly. A mechanic should look for faulty brake calipers or air in the hydraulic brake lines.

Watch for These Signs of Brake Pad Wear

Brake Lights

If your brake light comes on, you need to check on your pads and fluids. It’s probably one or the other. A few vehicles, particularly certain luxury ones, are adding a brake pad light to the dash, but most vehicles don’t have this yet.

Wear Indicator

Good brake pads have a wear indicator. This user-friendly feature causes a whining noise when its time to replace the pads. This has also been described as a squeaking, squealing or screeching noise. If you hear this often while braking during dry driving conditions, it’s time to get a brake inspection. If it’s raining, wait and see if it stops when the undercarriage is dry.

It’s important to remember that some brake pads may not have this feature. If that’s true, then the only way to know is to watch your mileage and get inspections.

Visual Inspection

If you are a do-it-yourself kind of person, you can access the pads by removing the wheels. This should allow you to see them and to take measurements. If it is ¼ of any inch, it’s still good. At ⅛ of an inch, it needs to be replaced. If you are buying used cars, this is a good reason to get an independent inspection. It’s part of what is checked when determining which vehicles can be certified preowned cars Scottsdale.

Extreme Wear

If a driver misses the signs that new brake pads are needed, the pads may wear away and allow the metal parts to rub together. This can lead to a loud grinding noise. Some mechanics describe it as a low growl. This indicates extreme wear that will only get worse. Getting pads as quickly as possible could save you from the expense of replacing the rotors and the drums or discs.

Choosing the Best Materials for Your Brake Pads

If your mechanic is suggesting that you change materials, you should consult your owner’s manual and other sources to make sure that a different material will work well in your vehicle. Your Scottsdale Lexus dealer mechanic will tell you that it is best to stick with the original equipment manufacturer when replacing brake pads on a Lexus.


These common pads are made with embedded metallic fibers to reduce brake fade. They do not wear as long as ceramic pads.


The most expensive kind, ceramic pads are also expected to last longer and offer the best performance. They reduce brake dust and wick away heat.

Non-metallic Organic

Another alternative is non-metallic organic ones. These use organic fibers to handle friction. They wear faster than standard pads, but some people prefer how they quiet the brakes when stopping.

How to Protect your Brake Pads

To make your pads last longer, you may need to break some bad habits. Drivers who slam the brakes, making hard stops a regular occurrence, need to learn to brake earlier and more slowly. It is also a bad idea to use short stabs to the brake.

Leaving your car sitting in a garage or outdoors for a year or longer may lead to brake pad problems. If you must leave it, arrange to have it driven every few weeks just to keep the brake pads in shape.

Getting the Best Possible Deal on Your Next Car Rental

A reliable rental car stands to enhance your next travel excursion in a number of ways. Most notably, having access to a vehicle will ensure that you’re able to explore your new locale at your own pace, which can be a boon to travelers who are accustomed to getting around via public transit and rideshare services. Additionally, while the desire to save money is perfectly understandable, renting a car needn’t be a prohibitively expensive undertaking. Cost-conscious travelers looking to get the best possible deal on car rentals can benefit from reading on.

Shopping Around for the Right Bargain

Anyone who thinks that renting a vehicle is too expensive has probably never comparison shopped for rental cars. As is the case with virtually every product and service under the sun, a little bit of effort on the part of consumers can unearth amazing deals on vehicle rentals. Furthermore, thanks to search engines and consumer listing sites, bargains on rental cars are easier to find than ever.

In addition to seeking out rental services with agreeable pricing, you should look for services that are renowned for their customer service. For example, the last thing you want is a rental service that will hold you responsible for damage you didn’t cause or overload you with hidden fees. You can get a solid feel for how much a rental service – or any type of business, for that matter – values its customers by perusing reviews on popular consumer feedback aids like Google My Business, the Better Business Bureau’s website and Facebook Ratings and Reviews.

Of course, the first step in all of this is firing up your favorite search engine and doing some research. For example, if you’ll soon be charting a course for Illinois and are interested in seeing Chi-Town, do a quick search for “car rental Chicago.”

Turning Down GPS

It’s easy to see why having GPS in a rental car would be an appealing prospect to many travelers. After all, if you’re driving around an unfamiliar locale, it stands to reason that you’d want to know where you’re going. However, since springing for GPS stands to add a fair amount to your bill, it may be in your best interest to explore other options.

For instance, if you already own a detachable GPS unit for vehicles, simply bring it on your trip with you. Conversely, if you own a smartphone, you can just rely on your favorite GSP app.

Not Buying Fuel Service Plans

Depending on how much driving you intend to do, a fuel service plan may not be wisest investment. The exact details vary from place to place, but many fuel service plans entail renters paying the cost of a full tank of gas at the outset in exchange for not having to return the vehicle with a full tank. While this may initially strike you as a solid deal, it ultimately stands to cost you more than it stands to save you.

The aforementioned plans ensure that you’ll be charged for a full tank of gas, regardless of whether or not you actually use a full tank. As such, if you wind up returning the car with a tank that’s only partially empty, you’re essentially losing money. While filling up the tank before returning a rental vehicle may be a bit cumbersome, it’s often cheaper than paying for a full tank right off the bat.

Thoroughly Inspecting the Vehicle

Make a point of thoroughly inspecting your next rental vehicle before driving it off the lot. If you stumble upon any dings, dents, scratches or other signs of damage, bring this to the attention of the relevant parties and make sure they document it before you proceed to head out.

Having access to a rental car can make navigating a brand-new locale considerably easier. However, an understandable reluctance to spend money regularly prevents many travelers from renting vehicles. Given how expensive vacations and other large-scale travel excursions can be, there’s little wonder as to why people shy away from things that stand to compound travel costs. Fortunately, as long as you’re armed with the right tips, getting a great deal on a rental car should prove neither difficult nor time-consuming.


If you are moving across the country or the continent, you may be wondering whether you should sell your old car or drive it to your new home. There are ten main considerations that can make or break your decision. Here’s what you should know.

  1. Negative Equity

Are you making car payments? You definitely need to know how to sell a car with a loan. You don’t want to sell your old car if it has negative equity. That’s when the selling price is less than the loan amount. You should only consider selling the car if you have positive equity.

  1. Dangerous Condition

Let’s say that you own the car outright. Unfortunately, you have been pouring money into this car to keep it running or you foresee some major expenses just around the corner. The most economical thing to do is to sell it. You don’t want a busted engine gasket to ruin your move. Trading in your car to a dealer may be a smart idea. The cash can help you pay for a new one when you get to your destination.

  1. Benefits of Driving vs Flying

The benefits of driving are the freedom to pack everything you need. It is likely to take about the same time as the moving van. You can see the sights on the way and arrive in time to move in.

If you fly, can you get close to your new home without extra expenses? If so, can you get an inexpensive ticket that still allows you to carry one or two suitcases? You want to bring essentials with you and avoid unnecessary costs.

  1. Pet Travel

If you drive, you can take your pets with you. There will be some hurdles with finding the right hotels, however. On the other hand, if pets travel by plane, you may pay extra for vet visits and shots as well as the travel fee.

  1. Insurance Costs

How will your insurance change when you move? A new state may mean a much higher premium. You may want to sell your car and start all over with one that will have better insurance rates.

If you can go without a car for a month or more, you will save money on insurance payments that can be used toward buying your new wheels.

  1. Towing the Car

Perhaps you plan to tow your car. However, most vehicles will not tow flat. Generally manuals will tow flat, and the majority of automatics won’t. You should do some research to see if your automatic car or SUV can tow flat. If it can’t, it would be severely damaged to tow it this way.

Furthermore, how will you tow it? It can be hard enough to drive a small moving truck across the country. Do you want the hassle of towing a car behind it? On the other hand, perhaps you have a large Ford F150 pickup that can do the job. If you are experienced at trailering, then flat-towing a car will be quite easy for you.

How will towing affect your insurance? If something happens to the car during the tow, will your regular insurance cover it or do you need to pay for gap insurance?

  1. Sending Your Car by Train

If you have the option of sending your car by train, should you do it? Well, it protects the car, but why pay to move it if you just plan to sell it on the other end?

  1. Car Registration Fees

Will there be any problem with registering your car? There may be environmental standards that your old car can’t meet. The new state’s Division of Motor Vehicles should have the answer. If your car won’t meet the standards easily, you probably need to sell it.

When you get your old car to your destination, you may have only 60 or 90 days to switch over your license plates. If you still want to sell it, do it fast. That will save you money on registration fees.

  1. One-Way Car Rental

The alternative to driving your own car or flying is to secure a one-way car rental. In addition to the expense of this rental, you will have the expense of hotels, meals, and fuel along the way. However, you won’t put miles on a car you just bought nor will you be worrying about your old car breaking down.

  1. A New Car

One final idea is to purchase a new car first. It may be easier to get a loan before you move than when you are establishing residency elsewhere. Perhaps it will save you money over purchasing one at your destination. You can use the internet to compare prices and to get information about taxes.

However, it will need to be a car with a warranty. Preferably you can afford a new car or low-mileage used car. You don’t want to get rid of one old car and end up with the same problems in the used car you just bought.

With all these ideas to consider, hopefully you can make the best decision about whether to drive your old car across the country. Best of luck on your big move!

When people think about sports cars, the Camaro comes to mind. Even though the Camaro has undergone significant changes during the past few decades, the F-Body Camaro Z28 SS remains one of the most popular vehicles ever to be made by this automobile manufacturer. Overall, the platform of the F-Body Camaro Z28 SS is fantastic and continues to serve as a model upon which automobiles are built even to this day. Between the years 1998 and 2002, Chevrolet made changes to the Camaro that can still be seen in more recent models that are still on the road today.

The Camaro Gets a Facelift in 1998

In 1998, the F-Body Camaro Z28 SS underwent significant changes. In particular, it received a new front clip. As a result, the quartet where inset headlights were replaced as well. The biggest change to take place in the Camaro this year was the replacement of the older LT1 engine, which was stopped. For the 5.7 L LS1 V8 engine, which was rated at 305 horsepower. This engine had been introduced during the prior year in the Corvette C5 with great success.

Overall, the new engine featured an aluminum cylinder block containing iron sleeves. In addition, this also reduced the overall weight of the engine by close to 100 pounds, improving the performance of the vehicle. This specific engine would undergo multiple improvements during the next few years, increasing its horsepower to 350. This engine would remain in the F-Body Camaro Z28 SS from 1998 to 2002.

Minor Changes Take Place in 1999

In 1999, F-Body Camaro Z28 SS underwent a few minor changes. For example, new colors were introduced for the Camaro this year, such a “Hugger Orange.” The fuel tanks were stopped out for a plastic variety, increasing the capacity to 16.8 gallons from the 15.5 gallon capacity of the metal units.

In addition, the valve covers on the Ls1 were switched, featuring a new center bolt. Traction control was also installed on the Camaro V6 models. General Motors also introduced a new oil monitoring system and an oil change light was added to the dashboard.

The 1999 F-Body Camaro Z28 SS stuck with the 4L60-E transmission that had been installed in the Camaro back in 1994. The 4L60-E transmission is long known to be a derivative or “child” of the original Turbo-Hydramatic 700R4 transmission which was first produced in 1982. Later on the 700R4 transmission was renamed the 4L60-E as we know it today in 1994. There is a lot more information on the 700R4 transmission and even more rebuilt 700R4 transmissions for sale in the aftermarket. This specific transmission had two separate shift solenoids, which were called Shift Solenoid A and B (they would later change names). The solenoids can be activated and deactivated in a specific pattern, leading to four distinct gear ratios. This specific transmission would be used in the F-Body Camaro Z28 SS until 2001.

Cosmetic Changes Take Place in the F-Body Camaro Z28 SS in 2000

In 2000, most of the changes that were made to the F-Body Camaro Z28 SS were largely cosmetic. For example, another optional color, Monterey maroon metallic, was added. This color is similar to Medium Patriot Red. A new steering wheel was introduced containing Stokes, which was common in numerous other GM models at the time. This steering wheel was a replacement for the older two-spoke steering wheel that has been used in the F-Body Camaro Z28 SS since 1993.

In addition, new 16-inch wheels with 10 spokes are made available. 5 spoke wheels were still available. The 5.7 L LS1 V8 engine continued in the F-Body Camaro Z28 SS without any changes being made to it.

The 2001 F-Body Camaro Z28 SS

In 2001, fewer Camaro units were produced than usual because work was begun on the 35th-anniversary models. The SS and Z28 models adopted the intake manifold in use by the LS6 engine, which was used in the Z06 and Cadillac CTS-V. In addition, the camshaft profile was revived. The EGR system was removed.

A new slave cylinder was introduced for the assembly of the clutch. Overall, the 2001 F-Body Camaro Z28 SS still used the Borg-Warner T-56 manual transmission, which was employed in the F-Body Camaro Z28 SS from 1993 to 2002. This six-speed transmission was also used in numerous Dodge and Ford vehicles. The T-56 has been one of the most reliable transmissions used in motor vehicles and provided significant shifting strength for the F-Body Camaro Z28 SS.

2002 Is the Final Fourth Generation F-Body Camaro Z28 SS

2002 marked the final year of the fourth-generation F-Body Camaro Z28 SS. The vehicle was designed to mark the 35th anniversary of the Camaro and represented the best the fourth-generation Camaro had to offer. This vehicle featured the top upgrades from the prior years including an outstanding transmission, a strong engine, and exceptional durability. It made strong use of the LS1 and the 4L60-E. There was a unique package made available for the specific 35th-anniversary vehicle.

Overall, the 2002 F-Body Camaro Z28 SS was designed to emulate the Penske-Sunoco stock TransAm race team vehicles from the 1960s and 1970s. With more than 42,000 units of the 2002 F-Body Camaro Z28 SS sold, it represents one of the top accomplishments in automobile manufacturing.

Examining the Impact of the F-Body Camaro Z28 SS

Between the years 1998 and 2002, the F-Body Camaro Z28 SS underwent numerous changes and upgrades. One of the biggest changes was the adoption of the LS1 engine, which provided a significant power upgrade and performance boost for the vehicle as a whole. Numerous new engines, such as the LS6, are built from the platform of the LS1.

In addition, the transmission of the F-Body Camaro Z28 SS was also exceptional. Using an automatic 4L60-E transmission, the Camaro developed a strong reputation for reliability. Many of the mechanisms of this automatic transmission can still be seen in newer models to this day.

In the end, the F-Body Camaro Z28 SS remains a shining pinnacle of achievement in the automotive world. Even though the last fourth-generation Camaro was built in 2002, its legacy can still be seen in newer vehicles that remain on the road today. It will be interesting to see what type of impact the F-Body Camaro Z28 SS has in the future.